Correlation between ATLS training and junior doctors' anatomical knowledge of intercostal chest drain insertion.
Kong VY., Oosthuizen GV., Sartorius B., Keene CM., Clarke DL.
<h4>Objective</h4>To review the ability of junior doctors (JDs) in identifying the correct anatomical site for intercostal chest drain insertion and whether prior Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) training influences this.<h4>Design</h4>We performed a prospective, observational study using a structured survey and asked a group of JDs (postgraduate year 1 [PGY1] or year 2 [PGY2]) to indicate on a photograph the exact preferred site for intercostal chest drain insertion.<h4>Setting</h4>This study was conducted in a large metropolitan university hospital in South Africa.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 152 JDs participated in the study. Among them, 63 (41%) were men, and the mean age was 24 years. There were 90 (59%) PGY1 doctors and 62 (41%) PGY2 doctors. Overall, 28% (42/152) of all JDs correctly identified the site that was located within the accepted safe triangle. A significantly higher proportion of PGY2 doctors selected the correct site when compared with PGY1 doctors (39% vs 20%, p = 0.026). Those who had prior ATLS provider training were 6.8 times more likely to be able to identify the correct site (RR = 6.8, 95% CI: 3.7-12.5).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Most of the JDs do not have sufficient anatomical knowledge to identify the safe insertion site for intercostal chest drain. Those who had undergone ATLS training were more likely to be able to identify the safe insertion site.