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Lung ultrasonography is accurate in detecting pulmonary edema and overcomes most limitations of traditional diagnostic modalities. Whether use of lung ultrasonography-guided management has an effect on cumulative fluid balances and other clinical outcomes remains unclear. In this systematic review, we included 12 studies using ultrasonography guided-management with a total of 2290 patients. Four in-patient studies found a reduced cumulative fluid balance (ranging from -0.3 L to -2.4 L), whereas three out-patient studies found reduction in dialysis dry weight (ranging from -2.6 kg to -0.2 kg) compared with conventionally managed patients. None of the studies found adverse effects related to hypoperfusion. The use of lung ultrasonography-guided management was not associated with other clinical outcomes. This systematic review shows that lung ultrasonography-guided management, exclusively or in concert with other diagnostic modalities, is associated with a reduced cumulative fluid balance. Studies thus far have not shown a consistent effect on clinical outcomes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2021.01.024

Type

Journal

Ultrasound in medicine & biology

Publication Date

05/2021

Volume

47

Pages

1163 - 1171

Addresses

Department of Intensive Care, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, location VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Amsterdam Leiden IC Focused Echography, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: m.heldeweg@amsterdamumc.nl.

Keywords

Lung, Humans, Pulmonary Edema, Ultrasonography, Treatment Outcome, Renal Dialysis, Water-Electrolyte Balance