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An etiological study of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was conducted among female sex workers (FSWs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Endocervical swab and blood samples from 269 street-based FSWs were examined for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Trichomonas vaginalis as well as for antibodies to Treponema pallidum and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). Sociodemographic data and data regarding behavior were also collected. A total of 226 of the 269 FSWs (84%) were positive for the STI pathogens studied. Among the 269 FSWs, 35.5% were positive for N. gonorrhoeae, 25% were positive for C. trachomatis, 45.5% were positive for T. vaginalis, 32.6% were seropositive for T. pallidum, 62.5% were seropositive for HSV-2, and 51% had infections with two or more pathogens.



Journal of clinical microbiology

Publication Date





1244 - 1246


International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.


Animals, Humans, Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum, Herpesvirus 2, Human, Chlamydia Infections, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Herpes Genitalis, Trichomonas Vaginitis, Antibodies, Bacterial, Vaginal Smears, Prevalence, Confidence Intervals, Bangladesh, Female, Sex Work