It has been maintained for decades that quinine is the safest drug for treatment of malaria in the first trimester of pregnancy. In the largest analysis of data from Thailand and Africa, artemisinins are reported to be at least as safe as quinine. This will simplify treatment protocols worldwide.
Rotavirus is a complex RNA virus with a genome comprised of multiple segments. The virus causes diarrhoea and extracting pure virus from stool samples limits our ability to sequence its genome. A team led by Professor Stephen Baker developed a new capture/purification method for rotavirus allowing us to perform whole genome sequencing from stool samples for the first time.
South Asia, which includes Nepal, is a hub for typhoid fever. Trials conducted in Nepal since 2005 confirm that fluoroquinolones are failing for typhoid fever treatment. The WHO and health ministries in the region recommend fluroquionolones as the drugs of choice for typhoid fever. This recommendation needs to be changed.
Collaboration between photographer Pearl Gan and Professor Kevin Baird from our EOCRU unit in Jakarta, Indonesia, this photographic project aims to raise public awareness of malaria as a serious health problem for the region by telling the human story of Asia’s invisible malaria burden.
Using epidemiological and microbiological approaches and sequencing data, this study, led by Prof. Constance Schultsz of the Academic Medical Center and Assoc. Prof. Ngo Thi Hoa, shows that usage of antimicrobials in food animal production selects for antimicrobial resistant bacteria (AMRB) in animals, which increases the risk for faecal colonisation of AMRB in humans.
An investigation conducted by the international medical organisation Médecins Sans Frontières revealed that over a thousand people in a remote area of the Democratic Republic of Congo suffered toxic effects after ingesting fake diazepam pills. The research was published in The Lancet Global Health with contribution from Prof Paul Newton from IDDO and LOMWRU.
Lead by Professor Arjen Dondorp, researchers have found that a dominant strain of drug resistant falciparum malaria, first detected in 2008 in Cambodia, has spread to other countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region of Southeast Asia. This causes treatment failure rates for the main falciparum malaria medicines, artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs)
Six harmonised protocols to capture Zika-related data to help public health professionals, clinicians and clinical researchers to gain a better understanding of the disease has been published on the WHO website. A number of partners - under the leadership of Institut Pasteur and WHO, including ISARIC and CONSISE have contributed to the development of these protocols to address key public health concerns associated with the Zika virus outbreak. The Working Group on ZIKV Harmonized Research, which included Dr Gail Carson and Professor Peter Horby from the Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, published a commentary on the project in the Lancet Global Health yesterday.
Training local Karen and Burman women as skilled birth attendants in refugee settings resulted in no adverse perinatal outcomes and many positive outcomes such as a drop in stillbirths and infant deaths and more babies being born in clinics rather than at home, says a new study, led by Professor Rose McGready and published in PLOS ONE.