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GRAM study reveals rising antimicrobial resistance in enteric fever across 75 countries, affecting millions

Findings reveal resistance patterns for a priority pathogen--also known as typhoid fever--with high mortality and morbidity in resource-constrained settings

AMR linked to 1M deaths in Africa, according to GRAM study

Findings suggest urgent need to address burden of drug-resistant infections across continent, one of the highest levels worldwide

Antimicrobial resistance poses threat in all 35 countries in the Americas

More than 43% of infection-related deaths in the region were tied to AMR, according to GRAM Project study

GRAM Project welcomes new Oxford PI: Prof Ben Cooper

The epidemiologist and infectious disease modeller will lead the project through its second phase (GRAM-2) which commenced last year

Bacterial infections linked to one in eight global deaths, according to GRAM study

Publication Research

Data showing 7.7 million deaths in a single year from 33 bacterial infections can guide measures to strengthen health systems, particularly in low-income settings

GRAM visualization tool tracks country-level AMR and related metrics


Interactive app allows users to explore data underlying estimates of global antimicrobial resistance burden

GRAM Project begins second phase


The Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) Project has begun its second phase of research after receiving a multi-year award from the UK Fleming Fund, Wellcome Trust, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

GRAM Project moves to new Oxford site


The Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) Project has a new centre of operations at the University of Oxford, after moving this month from the Big Data Institute to the Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, under the leadership of Dr Benn Sartorius (PI) and Professor Christiane Dolecek (co-PI).

The Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) findings launch

Research Video

Following publication of the GRAM study, the Wellcome Trust, Fleming Fund, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation hosted a webinar on 4 February 2022 to discuss the results, and the threat to global health posed by AMR.

Antibiotic resistance caused more than 1.2M deaths in 2019, according to landmark GRAM study

Publication Research

Drug resistant infections are now a leading cause of death worldwide, above of HIV/AIDS or malaria, with many historically treatable ailments now leading to fatalities.


Public Engagement Video

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is now threatening healthcare systems worldwide. As antibiotics become ineffective, physicians are left powerless to treat common infections. That leaves us asking the question: how can we prevent antimicrobial resistance in 2022?

GRAM study provides the first longitudinal estimates of global antibiotic consumption in 204 countries from 2000 to 2018

Publication Research

Global antibiotic consumption rates increased by 46 percent in the last two decades, according to findings published in Lancet Planetary Health which also suggest lack of treatment access in some areas.