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The photochemistry of Fe(CO)5 (5) has been studied in heptane, supercritical (sc) Ar, scXe, and scCH4 using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy (TRIR). 3Fe(CO)4 ((3)4) and Fe(CO)3(solvent) (3) are formed as primary photoproducts within the first few picoseconds. Complex 3 is formed via a single-photon process. In heptane, scCH4, and scXe, (3)4 decays to form (1)4 x L (L = heptane, CH4, or Xe) as well as reacting with 5 to form Fe2(CO)9. In heptane, 3 reacts with CO to form (1)4 x L. The conversion of (3)4 to (1)4 x L has been monitored directly for the first time (L = heptane, kobs = 7.8(+/- 0.3) x 10(7) s(-1); scCH4, 5(+/- 1) x 10(6) s(-1); scXe, 2.1(+/- 0.1) x 10(7) s(-1)). In scAr, (3)4 and 3 react with CO to form 5 and (3)4, respectively. We have determined the rate constant (kCO = 1.2 x 10(7) dm3 mol(-1) s(-1)) for the reaction of (3)4 with CO in scAr, and this is very similar to the value obtained previously in the gas phase. Doping the scAr with either Xe or CH4 resulted in (3)4 reacting with Xe or CH4 to form (1)4 x Xe or (1)4 x CH4. The relative yield, [(3)4]:[3] decreases in the order heptane > scXe > scCH4 >> scAr, and pressure-dependent measurements in scAr and scCH4 indicate an influence of the solvent density on this ratio.

Original publication

DOI

10.1021/ja048411t

Type

Journal

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Publication Date

09/2004

Volume

126

Pages

10713 - 10720

Addresses

School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK.