Characterisation of the solution conformation of a cyclic RGD peptide analogue by NMR spectroscopy allied with a genetic algorithm approach and constrained molecular dynamics.
Sanderson PN., Glen RC., Payne AW., Hudson BD., Heide C., Tranter GE., Doyle PM., Harris CJ.
The solution conformation of a cyclic RGD peptide analogue, cyclo-(S,S)-2-mercaptobenzoate-arginine-glycine-aspartate-2-mer captoanilide, has been determined via two independent approaches for the searching of conformational space and identification of conformations consistent with NMR and CD spectroscopic data: (i) the use of a binary genetic algorithm and (ii) a molecular dynamics simulation. Inter-proton distances were obtained via analysis of cross-peak volumes from a two-dimensional ROESY NMR spectroscopy experiment at 600 MHz and were used as constraints for the computational calculations. The mercaptoanilide amide proton resonance chemical shift had a very small temperature coefficient, indicating that this proton was hydrogen-bonded. Circular dichroism data showed that, in solution, the torsion angle about the disulfide bond was negative, consistent with one of the distinct conformations around this bond in the 200 ps molecular dynamics simulation. The backbone conformations of the structures resulting from the two different approaches were very similar.