18 December 2020
The responsiveness of a health system is one of its goals, alongside fairness in financing and outcomes. Listening and responding to the public can make a health system stronger and fairer. However, responsiveness is likely to be undermined, especially for vulnerable and marginal populations, in periods of crises such as disease outbreaks. In the current COVID-19 crisis, there has been more focus on health system control interventions, with minimal consideration of community views. KWTRP colleagues in Kenya consider community engagement and citizens feedback channels, concerns raised by the public and how they were handled, and highlight lessons learned.
8 December 2020
The World Health Organization and partners including the KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme launched AHOP (African Health Observatory Platform), an online platform to promote the exchange of evidence and experience across countries in the African region. By working to foster evidence-informed decision-making in an endeavor to re-engineer health service delivery, the initiative is expected to drive countries’ health system resilience efforts.
30 October 2020
Kenya has joined the global efforts in search of an effective vaccine for COVID-19 with the start of a trial evaluating the ChAdOx1 nCoV-2019 Oxford coronavirus vaccine. Following the necessary approvals from regulators, as well as the national ministry of health, and Kilifi county, the first volunteers for the trial have recently received their vaccinations.
23 October 2020
Oxford is world-famous for research excellence and home to some of the most talented people from across the globe. To showcase our global research, the University launched a Global Research Map, highlighting areas of research we are conducting overseas.
9 October 2020
Africa accounts for 17% of the global population but only 3.5% of the reported global COVID-19 deaths. In many African countries, transmission has been higher but severity and mortality much lower than originally predicted based on experience in China and Europe. Kevin Marsh and Moses Alobo argue that Africa’s much younger population explains a very large part of the apparent difference. Some of the remaining gap is probably due to under reporting of events but there are a number of other plausible explanations, ranging from climatic differences, pre-existing immunity, genetic factors to behavioural differences.
6 July 2020
Oxford University’s LIFE project has launched a new set of app-based training scenarios that help healthcare workers in Africa safely manage and treat cases of children with suspected COVID-19
19 June 2020
Epidemics and pandemics disproportionately affect populations with greater impacts on the most vulnerable and less resilient communities. Hence Kenya’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic calls for more context adapted public health measures reflecting our improved understanding of who is the most vulnerable and their geographical location. This policy brief presents evidence on localized vulnerability indices to identify areas and people who require greater support while highlighting inequities to inform the COVID-19 response in Kenya.
3 June 2020
What are the health and socio-economic impacts of physical distancing in African countries and how can they be mitigated? This work by Edwine Barasa and colleagues reviews the effects of physical distancing restrictions and recommends that African countries need to consider the broader net benefit of measures that they choose to implement and to adapt and localize their response to align with the contextual realities of the continent, and to optimize expected benefits of physical distancing, while minimizing the undesired impacts.
30 January 2020
Policy makers are interested in practical steps to a more gender-equitable and transformative health system. A guide published by Research in Gender & Ethics aims to help policy makers adopt a gender lens in policy deliberations on health systems. In order to prompt reflections on how gender affects health systems, we include case studies from Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda.
26 November 2019
Convened by the International Budget Partnership, Equity Week brings together stakeholders from national and county government, community groups and other agencies to reflect on equity and equality issues particularly in resource mobilization and distribution in the country. KWTRP highlighted issues of disability, access to healthcare, financial risk protection, mapping variations and vulnerabilities in young children
14 November 2019
Life-saving Instruction for Emergences (LIFE), a virtual reality (VR) medical training platform developed by doctors, nurses and researchers at the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme (KWTRP) in Kenya and Oxford University with support from HTC, has officially launched today. This new virtual reality medical training app uses HTC VIVE Focus Plus for training doctors and nurses to save lives.
5 November 2019
Women continue to be under-represented in leadership positions across a range of sectors and geographic regions. In the health sector specifically, women comprise a substantial proportion of the global health workforce but are over-represented in lower-paying, lower-status occupations. The role of gender in healthcare leadership in LMIC settings remains under-researched. KWTRP undertook a study to understand and explore career progression and experiences of healthcare leaders at sub-national level in Kenya.
9 October 2019
Oxford Medical Sciences Divisional Panel has conferred the title of Professor on three members of our Centre. Ben Cooper - Professor of Epidemiology, Sassy Molyneux - Professor of Global Health and Piero Olliaro - Professor of Poverty Related Infectious Diseases were awarded these titles in recognition of their distinction in their respective fields and contributions to the research, teaching and administration of the Department and we congratulate them on their success!
4 October 2019
The Oxford based OHSCAR team is delighted to be a partner the NEST360 project working with KEMRI-Wellcome and the Kenya Paediatric Research Consortium in Kenya to support this effort to improve care care of the sick newborn and save lives
17 September 2019
Two researchers from the Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health were awarded medals by the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene at the 2019 European Congress on Tropical Medicine and International Health. Professor David Warrell was awarded the Sir Patrick Manson Medal, and Dr Samson Kinyanjui the Chalmers Medal.
13 September 2019
In Kenya, the poorest of the poor carry the highest burden of disease. From locally-made, low-cost herbal remedies to affordable hard floors for households, researchers and communities are developing new ways to deal with jiggers in Kenya. Lynne Elson, a research fellow at KEMRI Wellcome Trust, lead a study to determine whether neem and coconut oil reduce inflammation, pain and itching better than the standard treatment in seven days.
8 September 2019
Human trials of new antimalarial drugs are in the pipeline after KEMRI scientists successfully used bacteria to kill the parasite that causes the disease. Trials in Burkina Faso showed that Ivermectin, a conventional drug used for parasitic diseases including river blindness and elephantiasis, reduced transmission rates. The medication worked by making the blood of people who were repeatedly vaccinated lethal to mosquitoes. The study also found that Ivermectin can kill plasmodium falciparum, the malaria parasite carried by female mosquitoes, when administered to humans.
26 August 2019
The provision of high-quality care to sick newborns presents challenges in any health system. International guidelines suggest that even for babies who do not require intensive care, there should be one nurse for every 2 – 4 sick babies. However, recent studies conducted in Nairobi show that one nurse takes care of between 20 – 40 newborns. In a recently published policy brief the KEMRI Wellcome Trust programme highlights the experience of nurses in Nairobi’s New Born Units.
1 August 2019
The Nairobi Programme at KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme hosts over 17 principal researchers, 15 PhD fellows and a dedicated team of over 40 research assistants spanning clinical research, health services research, population health research, and health systems and economics research. Learn more about the ongoing research and the principal researchers behind the work.
25 July 2019
KWTRP has launched a dataset of comprehensive public health facilities from 50 countries in sub- Saharan Africa. This new dataset locates health facilities in relation to the communities they are intended to serve, to help ensure that services are accessible to the right populations and that no one is geographically marginalized from essential services. This is critical for attainment of Sustainable Development Goal 3 on good health and wellbeing.
Bringing science and health research to Kenyan schools project wins University Public Engagement with Research Award
10 July 2019
A project bringing science to Kenyan schools, led by Dr Alun Davis from Kemri Wellcome Trust Research Programme in Kenya and Nuffield Department of Medicine, has won a Project Award in this year’s Vice-Chancellor’s Public Engagement with Research Awards.
7 May 2019
Rift Valley Fever, one of WHO priority diseases, causes abortion and malformation in livestock, as well as occasionally severe symptoms in humans. George Warimwe and colleagues at KWTRP are developing a vaccine suitable for both humans and livestock. This cross-species approach, known as “One Health”, might in the long term accelerate the design and development of vaccines, protecting human health and biodiversity too.
30 April 2019
The attainment of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a policy priority at both global and national levels. The Sustainable Development Goals underscore the importance of health and wellbeing for all with three main objectives: equity in access to health services, access to quality health services, and protection from financial risk. In Kenya, although the government has installed UHC as a policy priority, it is still marred in misconstruction and often reduced to health financing. Researchers at KEMRI-Wellcome tracked Kenya’s progress towards UHC between 2003 and 2014 and set out recommendations to support policy makers in designing a body of UHC policy.
30 April 2019
Malaria is a leading cause of death and illness around the world. Over 200 million cases are reported every year, and more than 400 000 people die. More than 90% of cases are reported in sub-Saharan Africa. Scientists have spent decades searching for an effective vaccine. Hence the recent excitement when Malawi’s government announced it had launched a pilot programme for the world’s first malaria vaccine, RTS,S (also known as Mosquirix©), produced by the pharmaceutical company, GSK. It’s the first vaccine to demonstrate significant reduction in malaria in children. The Conversation Africa’s Ina Skosana asked immunologist Faith Osier about RTS,S.
11 April 2019
The Life-saving Instruction for Emergencies (LIFE) is a 3D simulation training app for smartphones that teaches healthcare workers how to manage medical emergencies. LIFE is a scenario-based mobile and virtual reality (VR) gaming platform that teaches healthcare workers to identify and manage medical emergencies using game-like training techniques to reinforce the key steps that need to be performed in order to save lives.
6 March 2019
Global efforts to fight malaria have hit a plateau and new tools are needed to achieve global goals. In this context, a consortium led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health was awarded $25.3m from Unitaid (unitaid.org) to evaluate mass drug administration of ivermectin to humans and livestock in Tanzania and Mozambique, to kill the mosquitoes that transmit malaria. KWTRP Marta Maia will contribute as lead entomologist to BOHEMIA.
5 February 2019
A new project at KEMRI Wellcome aims to bring high throughput pathogen sequencing and predictive models in East Africa. GeMVI plans to engage health authorities and institutes, identify priority questions and fund 20 Research Fellows on locally relevant projects. GeMVI will transfer sequencing technologies, share bioinformatic methods and develop modelling capacity, as well as generate new understanding through predictive modelling and virus sequence data.
1 February 2019
In this background report for the Pathways to Prosperity Commission, Chris Paton and Naomi Muinga describe the implementation of the new OpenMRS-based system called Afya (Swahili for ‘health’) Electronic Health Management System in Machakos County in Kenya. They assess the challenges associated with implementation, and suggest some recommendations for rolling out digital methods to keep clinical records in developing countries.
12 December 2018
This article, written by Professor Nick Day at MORU and published in the November 2018 issue of the Oxford Alumni Newsletter, describes in a nutshell all the good work our Centre is doing to promote Global Oxford.
20 November 2018
Congratulations to Bob Snow, Oxford Professor of Malaria Epidemiology, elected this month Fellow of the African Academy of Sciences. The AAS nominates and elects individuals who have excelled in their fields of expertise as fellows and gives prizes to recognise scientists who have contributed to developing their fields in Africa.
17 October 2018
Professor Faith Osier's TED talk, accepted in April 2018, is now published as one of few by the TED Fellows Talks. The malaria vaccine was invented more than a century ago, yet each year hundreds of thousands of people still die from the disease. How can we improve this vital vaccine? In this informative talk, Faith shows how she combines cutting-edge technology with century-old insights in the hopes of creating a new vaccine that would eradicate malaria once and for all.
10 July 2018
KWTRP Community Liaison Group is working with the Jukwaa Arts Productions using a magnet theatre model to sensitize the communities/publics within Kilifi County about the Research work undertaken at the programme, and to learn about community/public concerns.
21 March 2018
Together with Evidence Aid, Professor Jay Berkley from KWTRP is launching a process to get research into practice in humanitarian emergencies. Systematic reviews and teleconference meetings to discuss how clinical trials can inform programmes and practice are published online, with an editorial highlighting the issues and need for policies to be based on research evidence.
10 January 2018
Visiting Professor Faith Osier has been selected as a TED Fellow, joining a class of 20 change-makers from around the world who will deliver a talk on the TED stage this April in Vancouver. Professor Osier studies how humans acquire immunity to malaria, translating her research into new, highly effective malaria vaccines.
8 December 2017
The Crossing Boundaries III forum on health systems research got off to an exciting start with a good number of guests in attendance. The two-day forum provided useful insights in ongoing research in low and middle income countries. Some of the topics discussed were on were on task shifting, interdisciplinary research methods, antimicrobial resistance, mental health and governance amongst others.
22 November 2017
Crossing Boundaries is a conference to showcase Oxford’s multidisciplinary research informing health systems strengthening in low and middle income countries. Thursday 7th December, 08:30 – 18.00 at the Said Business School. Registration is open until the 1st December
26 September 2017
The Medical Sciences Divisional Panel has conferred the title of Professor to two members of CTMGH's academic staff. Jeremy Day, Professor of Infectious Diseases heads the CNS and HIV Infections Research Group at OUCRU; Eduard Sanders, Professor of global health practice leads the HIV care and research programme at KWTRP.
21 June 2017
Dr Jacinta Nzinga engages nursing officers at the Mbagathi County hospital. The results dissemination activity took place on May 12th 2017. Discussions were lively and provided useful insights as to the activities surrounding the newborn units at the hospital. Feedback of research findings forms an important component of our work.
21 June 2017
The KEMRI-Wellcome Trust research Programme will host this years world sickle cell day with various awareness activities. The activities will be held on Saturday June 17,2017 at Banda la Salama in Chonyi. We seek to reach out to community members to empower them about the disease by creating awareness among affected populations. The programme will be done in collaboration and partnership with various stakeholders.
21 June 2017
Epilepsy affects the brain and causes repeated seizures. Prompt diagnosis and effective management are key to controlling the condition, the cause of which is not fully understood . There are huge gaps in the way that epilepsy is managed in African countries, including Kenya. The Conversation Africa’s Health Editor Joy Wanja Muraya spoke to Dr Symon Kariuki on what success might look like.
PERCH Project Publishes CID Supplement on Foundational Basis for Forthcoming Pneumonia Etiology Results
21 June 2017
The foundational basis for the pneumonia etiology results from the PERCH (Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health) project have been published in a 23-paper supplement in Clinical Infectious Diseases. The publication details the context, methods, and preparatory results that will inform the final pneumonia etiology estimates, expected to be available in late 2017.
9 May 2017
Professor James Berkley, Head of Clinical Research at the KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, has been elected to the prestigious Fellowship of the Academy of Medical Sciences
9 May 2017
Professor Niels Peek introduced the three controversies in health data science in a well-attended public lecture at the Strathmore University on Wednesday. The three controversies discussed were; data shall be used only for the purpose for which they were collected, big data and predictive analytics should replace randomised clinical trials and to accelerate research, all medical and healthcare data should made available to data scientists.
9 May 2017
Strathmore University this year hosted the Kenya Health Informatics Association (KeHIA), meet up that was rich in content with presentations and discussions from the University of Nairobi, the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Ministry of Health, University of Oxford, Strathmore University and Philips Health among others.
9 May 2017
Documentation of patient history & essential key signs, within the Clinical Information Network (CIN), improved to over 90 percent across 14 hospitals. Reports generated indicate a steady improvement in data collection.
21 March 2017
For a mother, nothing worries like waking up in the middle of the night with an infant with a fever and difficulty in breathing. But these are common occurrences for infants and young children especially in a household with school going children. KEMRI Wellcome Trust research Programme in Kilifi has been at the fore in understanding the spread of the leading virus in severe infant respiratory disease in households ultimately aiming at eliminating this problem.
21 March 2017
It was an exciting couple of days at the Naivasha Salewa lodge in Kenya, where a workshop on public engagement, the first in Africa was held. The Wellcome Trust’s Major Overseas Programmes (MOPs) in Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Thailand-Laos, and Viet Nam were all represented at the 3 day workshop that took place from 7-8th of March 2017.