Monitoring the direct and indirect damage of DNA bases and polynucleotides by using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy.
Kuimova MK., Cowan AJ., Matousek P., Parker AW., Sun XZ., Towrie M., George MW.
The nucleotide 5'-dGMP and polynucleotide poly(dGdC).poly(dGdC) have been irradiated by using a 200-fs, 200-nm laser pulses and spectrally characterized by using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. Under the experimental conditions, 200-nm excitation generates both electronic excited states and radical cations through photoionization; the former decay rapidly to vibrationally hot ground state. By using infrared signatures we have been able to follow these processes, and at time scales of >1 ns we observe an infrared marker band at 1,702 cm(-1) within both 5'-dGMP and the polynucleotide assigned to a photoionized product of guanine. This transient has also been reproduced through indirect chemistry through the reaction with photogenerated carbonate radical with 5'-dGMP. The ability to use time-resolved infrared spectroscopy in this way paves the way for developing solution-phase studies to investigate both direct and indirect radiation chemistry of DNA.