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The photophysical properties of fac-[Re(CO)3(dppz)(py)]+ (1, where dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a: 2',3'-c]phenazine) in CH3CN have been investigated using a series of complementary techniques including visible and infrared transient absorption and resonance Raman spectroscopy on the picosecond and nanosecond timescales. The results confirm previous reports that the lowest-lying emissive state in 1 is a triplet intra-ligand (3IL) state localised on the dppz ligand and have provided detailed information on the dynamics of 1 upon photoexcitation, including the relative energies of the excited state species encountered and the electronic distribution within these. If the dppz ligand is viewed in terms of phenanthroline (phen) and phenazine (phz) moieties, the emissive state is probably more accurately described as a 3 pi-->pi *(phz) IL state. The picosecond studies have shown that this emissive state is formed, at least in part, within 30 ps of excitation from a precursor, which is possibly a 3 pi-->pi *(phen) IL state. On the nanosecond timescale, TRIR has been employed to elucidate further dynamics and reveal the presence of an energetically close-lying state in equilibrium with the emissive state. This has tentatively been assigned as being 3d pi(Re)-->pi *(phz) metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in nature. A summary of the photophysics is proposed in the form of a Jablonski scheme. Time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations support the relative ordering and suggested electronic character of the excited state species involved.

Original publication





Photochemical & photobiological sciences : Official journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology

Publication Date





542 - 554


School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, UK NG7 2RD.