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Cambodia is experiencing a generalized HIV epidemic; there is evidence some populations within Cambodia are particularly vulnerable to infection. A mixed methods study was conducted in 2006 on the vulnerability to contract HIV of rural-to-urban migrant Cambodian garment factory workers. This paper reports the views of these female migrant workers regarding the use of condoms in their sexual relationships. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 20 workers about their knowledge and experiences regarding condom use. Both married and single women were knowledgeable about HIV transmission, but there was a spectrum of perspectives about condom use with their current or future partners. Some women insisted partners use condoms, while others did not expect partner compliance, and a third group avoided discussing condom use with their partners. HIV prevention programs should include male partners. For many of these migrant women, interventions focussing on education about HIV transmission and condom negotiation skills are insufficient since implementation requires male cooperation.



The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health

Publication Date





685 - 695


Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, 2450 Lancaster Road, Units 11 and 12, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1B 5N3.


Humans, HIV Infections, Condoms, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Safe Sex, Adult, Sexual Partners, Transients and Migrants, Cambodia, Female