Engagement and adherence trade-offs for SARS-CoV-2 contact tracing
Lucas TCD., Davis EL., Ayabina D., Borlase A., Crellen T., Pi L., Medley GF., Yardley L., Klepac P., Gog J., Hollingsworth TD.
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Contact tracing is an important tool for allowing countries to ease lock-down policies introduced to combat SARS-CoV-2. For contact tracing to be effective, those with symptoms must self-report themselves while their contacts must self-isolate when asked. However, policies such as legal enforcement of self-isolation can create trade-offs by dissuading individuals from self-reporting. We use an existing branching process model to examine which aspects of contact tracing adherence should be prioritised. We consider an inverse relationship between self-isolation adherence and self-reporting engagement, assuming that increasingly strict self-isolation policies will result in fewer individuals self-reporting to the programme. We find that policies that increase the average duration of self-isolation, or that increase the probability that people self-isolate at all, at the expense of reduced self-reporting rate, will not decrease the risk of a large outbreak and may increase the risk, depending on the strength of the trade-off. These results suggest that policies to increase self-isolation adherence should be implemented carefully. Policies that increase self-isolation adherence at the cost of self-reporting rates should be avoided.</jats:p>