Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ObjectiveTo investigate the impact of cervical cell abnormalities detected in the puerperium in association with HIV-1 infection on pregnancy outcomes.MethodsThe present study was a secondary data analysis of pregnancy outcomes, Pap smear results, HIV results, and participant demography from a behavioral intervention randomized controlled trial of 1480 pregnant women aged 18 years or more conducted at a periurban primary health clinic in South Africa during 2008-2010. The Pap smear was performed 14 weeks after delivery.ResultsIn total, 564 (38.1%) women were HIV-1-positive and 78 (8.0%) of 973 women with a categorized Pap smear result tested positive for cervical cell abnormalities; 42 (4.2%) women had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LGSILs) and 7 (0.7%) had high-grade lesions (HGSILs). In an adjusted analysis, HIV infection was significantly more common among women with LGSILs (28/42 [66.7%]) or HGSILs (6/7 [85.7%]) when compared with the other Pap smear categories (P<0.001). The rates of premature birth, low birth weight, and non-live births were similar among HIV-infected and -uninfected women with abnormal cervical cytology.ConclusionPregnant women with HIV were more likely to be diagnosed with higher grades of squamous cell abnormalities than those without HIV. There was no association between squamous cell abnormalities/HIV comorbidity and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Original publication





International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

Publication Date





105 - 110


Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.


Cervix Uteri, Humans, HIV Infections, Puerperal Disorders, Vaginal Smears, Pregnancy Outcome, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Comorbidity, Postpartum Period, Pregnancy, Adult, Middle Aged, Ambulatory Care Facilities, South Africa, Female, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Young Adult, Papanicolaou Test, Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix