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BackgroundThe aim of this study was to describe a tool based on vaccine sales to estimate vaccination coverage against seasonal influenza in near real-time in the French population aged 65 and over.MethodsVaccine sales data available on sale-day +1 came from a stratified sample of 3004 pharmacies in metropolitan France. Vaccination coverage rates were estimated between 2009 and 2014 and compared with those obtained based on vaccination refund data from the general health insurance scheme.ResultsThe seasonal vaccination coverage estimates were highly correlated with those obtained from refund data. They were also slightly higher, which can be explained by the inclusion of non-reimbursed vaccines and the consideration of all individuals aged 65 and over. We have developed an online tool that provides estimates of daily vaccination coverage during each vaccination campaign.ConclusionThe developed tool provides a reliable and near real-time estimation of vaccination coverage among people aged 65 and over. It can be used to evaluate and adjust public health messages.

Original publication





Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique

Publication Date





119 - 124


École des hautes études en santé publique (EHESP), avenue du Pr.-Léon-Bernard, 35043 Rennes, France. Electronic address:


Humans, Influenza Vaccines, Vaccination, Population Surveillance, Seasons, Commerce, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Pharmacies, Insurance, Health, France, Female, Male, Influenza, Human