Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ObjectiveHypercapnic acidosis is commonly permitted in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome during the use of protective ventilation strategies. Hypercapnic acidosis is also a common complication of multiple lung diseases and is associated with a poor prognosis, although the mechanisms by which it leads to increased mortality is not known. Previous studies using noninfective models of lung injury show that acute (<6 hrs) hypercapnic acidosis reduced lung damage by an anti-inflammatory effect. We hypothesized that this anti-inflammatory effect would be detrimental in vivo in the presence of untreated bacterial infection and sustained hypercapnia (>48 hrs) and, furthermore, that if bacterial reproduction were controlled by antibiotic therapy, then the anti-inflammatory effects of hypercapnic acidosis would no longer prove detrimental.DesignThis study was a prospective, randomized animal study.SettingThis study was conducted at a university research laboratory.SubjectsStudy subjects were adult male Wistar-Kyoto rats.InterventionsAfter intratracheal instillation of Escherichia coli under general anesthesia, rats were housed in normocapnic (21% O2, 0% CO2) or hypercapnic (21% O2, 5% CO2) environments for 2 days. Rats were then reanesthetized for assessment of physiological and quantitative stereologic indices of lung damage, quantitative bacterial counts, and neutrophil phagocytosis.Measurements and main resultsHypercapnic acidosis was associated with higher lung bacterial colony counts, more structural damage, and lower static lung compliance than normocapnia. Neutrophils isolated from hypercapnic rats demonstrated impaired phagocytosis. In a further separate series of experiments, in which rats were given antibiotic therapy, lung damage was not different between normocapnic and hypercapnic acidosis groups.ConclusionsProlonged hypercapnic acidosis worsened bacterial infection-induced lung injury. Our findings suggest an immunosuppressive effect of hypercapnic acidosis and have important implications for protective ventilation strategies that permit hypercapnic acidosis in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome and in the management of hypercapnic acidosis during infective exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other lung diseases.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/ccm.0b013e31817d1b59

Type

Journal

Critical care medicine

Publication Date

07/2008

Volume

36

Pages

2128 - 2135

Addresses

School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Keywords

Animals, Rats, Inbred WKY, Rats, Escherichia coli Infections, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult, Acidosis, Respiratory, Hypercapnia, Phagocytosis, Male