Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Early detection of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants and use of data for public health action requires a coordinated, rapid, and high throughput approach to whole genome sequencing (WGS). Currently, WGS output from many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) has lagged. By fostering diverse partnerships and multiple sequencing technologies, Indonesia accelerated SARS-CoV-2 WGS uploads to GISAID from 1,210 in April 2021 to 5,791 in August 2021, an increase from 11 submissions per day between January to May, to 43 per day between June to August. Turn-around-time from specimen collection to submission decreased from 77 to 5 days, allowing for timely public health decisions. These changes were enabled by establishment of the National Genomic Surveillance Consortium, coordination between public and private sector laboratories with WGS capability, and diversification of sequencing platform technologies. Here we present how diversification on multiple levels enabled a rapid and significant increase of national WGS performance, with potentially valuable lessons for other LMICs.

Original publication





Frontiers in genetics

Publication Date





Genomik Solidaritas Indonesia (GSI) Lab, Jakarta, Indonesia.