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ProblemDirect application of digital health technologies from high-income settings to low- and middle-income countries may be inappropriate due to challenges around data availability, implementation and regulation. Hence different approaches are needed.ApproachWithin the Viet Nam ICU Translational Applications Laboratory project, since 2018 we have been developing a wearable device for individual patient monitoring and a clinical assessment tool to improve dengue disease management. Working closely with local staff at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, we developed and tested a prototype of the wearable device. We obtained perspectives on design and use of the sensor from patients. To develop the assessment tool, we used existing research data sets, mapped workflows and clinical priorities, interviewed stakeholders and held workshops with hospital staff.Local settingIn Viet Nam, a lower middle-income country, the health-care system is in the nascent stage of implementing digital health technologies.Relevant changesBased on patient feedback, we are altering the design of the wearable sensor to increase comfort. We built the user interface of the assessment tool based on the core functionalities selected by workshop attendees. The interface was subsequently tested for usability in an iterative manner by the clinical staff members.Lessons learntThe development and implementation of digital health technologies need an interoperable and appropriate plan for data management including collection, sharing and integration. Engagements and implementation studies should be conceptualized and conducted alongside the digital health technology development. The priorities of end-users, and understanding context and regulatory landscape are crucial for success.

Original publication





Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Publication Date





487 - 492


Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, 764 Vo Van Kiet Street, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, 72708, Viet Nam.


Humans, Risk Factors, Artificial Intelligence, Delivery of Health Care, Vietnam