Thickness of subcutaneous fat is a risk factor for incisional surgical site infection in acute appendicitis surgery: a prospective study.
Thapa B., Sutanto E., Bhandari R.
BackgroundIncisional surgical site infection (SSI) is a significant source of postoperative morbidity resulting in increased length of stay and cost. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the association between thickness of subcutaneous fat (TSF) and incisional SSI among patients undergoing open appendectomy in low-resource settings.Methods90 patients with acute uncomplicated appendicitis who underwent emergency open appendectomy from December 2017 to August 2018 were included in this prospective study. TSF was measured preoperatively using ultrasound. TSF and other possible predictors of incisional SSI, including body mass index and other clinical characteristics, were assessed by univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis evaluated the predictive value of TSF and the optimum cut-off value for TSF was determined using the Youden index.ResultsThe prevalence of incisional SSI was 13.3% (12/90). TSF was independently associated with incisional SSI (P ConclusionsThe study demonstrated that TSF, as evaluated by ultrasound, is a predictor in the development of incisional SSI in patients with acute appendicitis undergoing open appendectomy. These findings suggest that ultrasound is useful both for the evaluation of TSF and the prediction of incisional SSI risk factor in low-resource settings.