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We assessed whether the impact of cabotegravir plus rilpivirine on inflammation reduction differs from that of oral antiretrovirals, using real-world data. Inflammatory biomarkers and lipid profiles were followed from baseline to 8 months after switching. Seventy-eight participants were analyzed. The CD4/CD8 ratio and C-reactive protein did not change. There were transient decreases in CD8 and CD4 counts in the group that switched from the dolutegravir-based regimen, but not in the tenofovir alafenamide-based regimen group. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol increased, resulting in a decrease in the total-cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio, whereas there was no significant change in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Original publication





AIDS Res Ther

Publication Date





Cabotegravir plus rilpivirine, HIV, Inflammatory biomarker, Lipid profile, Long-acting drug, Humans, Rilpivirine, HIV Infections, Anti-Retroviral Agents, Biomarkers, Cholesterol, Lipids, Anti-HIV Agents