Value of Throat Swab in Diagnosis of Melioidosis
Wuthiekanun V., Suputtamongkol Y., Simpson AJH., Kanaphun P., White NJ.
ABSTRACT Throat swab (TS) cultures were performed for 1,011 patients with melioidosis and 3,524 healthy subjects or patients with other diseases. The specificity of TS culture for the diagnosis of melioidosis was 100%, and the overall sensitivity was 36% (24% for sputum-negative patients and 79% for sputum-positive patients). Direct plating of the TS specimen on Ashdown's medium was rapid (colonies were usually evident within 24 h) but only 63% sensitive compared to the results of primary culture in a selective broth. A throat swab should be cultured in all cases of suspected melioidosis.