Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

<jats:p>In Europe, the number of reported sporadic human cases of <jats:italic>Salmonella</jats:italic> Livingstone infection is low, and outbreaks are rare. We report the largest <jats:italic>S.</jats:italic> Livingstone outbreak described in the literature having an identified source of infection. In February 2001, an increased incidence of infection caused by <jats:italic>S</jats:italic>. Livingstone was observed in Norway and Sweden. By July 2001, 44 cases were notified in Norway and 16 in Sweden. The median age was 63 years, and 40 were women. There were three deaths, and 22 patients were hospitalized. Based on standardized questionnaires and retrospective studies of <jats:italic>S</jats:italic>. Livingstone strains in Norway and Sweden, food items with egg powder were suspected, and <jats:italic>S</jats:italic>. Livingstone was subsequently recovered from a processed fish product at the retail level. Analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis documented that isolates from the fish product belonged to the same clone as the outbreak strain.</jats:p>

Original publication





Epidemiology and Infection


Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Publication Date





889 - 895