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BACKGROUND: Private sector health facilities are diverse in nature, and offer widely varying quality of care (QOC). OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to describe the QOC provided to febrile children at rural private clinics on the Kenyan coast and stakeholder perspectives on standards of practice and opportunities for change. METHODS: Data collection methods were structured observations of consultations; interviews with users on exit from clinic and at home and in depth interviews with private practitioners (PP) and district health managers. FINDINGS: Private clinics have basic structural features for health care delivery. The majority of the clinics in this study were owned and run by single-handed trained medical practitioners. Amongst 92 observed consultations, 62% of diagnoses made were consistent with the history, examinations and tests performed. 74% of childhood fevers were diagnosed as malaria, and 88% of all prescriptions contained an antimalarial drug. Blood slides for malaria parasites were performed in 55 children (60%). Of those whose blood slide was positive (n=27), 52% and 48% were treated with a nationally recommended first or second line antimalarial drug, respectively. Where no blood slide was done (n=37), 73% were prescribed a nationally recommended first line and 27% received a second line antimalarial drug. Overall, 68 % of antimalarial drugs were prescribed in an appropriate dose and regime. Both private practitioners and district health managers expressed the view that existing linkages between the public and private health sectors within the district are haphazard and inadequate. CONCLUSIONS: Although rural PPs are potentially well placed for treatment of febrile cases in remote settings, they exhibit varying QOC. Practitioners, users and district managers supported the need to develop interventions to improve QOC. The study identifies the need to consider involvement of the for-profit providers in the implementation of the IMCI guidelines in Kenya.



African health sciences

Publication Date





160 - 170


Kenyatta University-Centre for Complementary Medicine and Biotechnology.


Humans, Malaria, Fever, Medical History Taking, Physical Examination, Drug Therapy, Attitude of Health Personnel, Attitude to Health, Comorbidity, Qualitative Research, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Health Personnel, Ambulatory Care Facilities, Rural Health Services, Quality of Health Care, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care), Quality Assurance, Health Care, Kenya