Professor Bob W Snow
Professor of Malaria Epidemiology
- Principal Wellcome Trust Fellow
Malaria Public Health
Bob’s career began in The Gambia where he undertook the first clinical trials of insecticide treated nets (ITN) [1984-1988]. Following a move to Kenya, he established the framework to undertake linked community-based mortality and hospital admission trials at Kilifi and directed one of four large-scale, community-randomized mortality trials of ITN in Africa [1989-1993]. Subsequently he investigated the possible long-term effects of reduced parasite exposure on the clinical epidemiology of malaria to understand the consequences of sustained ITN use and/or its interrupted use on disease burdens [1994-2003]. This was used as a basis to establish new epidemiological methods to define the mortality, morbidity and consequential burdens posed by malaria in Africa [1995-1999] and clinical disease globally . As part of new ways to articulate disease burdens he started the Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa (MARA) project with colleagues in South Africa , which served as the model for a global initiative founded by Bob in Nairobi, known as the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) .
Since 2010, he has led a science-to-policy initiative, funded by DFID, UK, to ensure the best possible use of epidemiological data to design malaria control programmes in 22 African countries. In 2015, this work extended to support countries in the Arabian Peninsula as a collaboration with WHO’s EMR office in Cairo; focusing on countries in conflict, entering phases of malaria elimination, or aiming to prevent malaria re-introduction.
Bob is the longest serving Oxford scientist at the Kenyan Programme. His current interests include the epidemiology of malaria parasite exposure (transmission intensity) and disease outcomes (age/immunity) across Africa; the use of hospitals as sentinels for disease surveillance in resource poor settings; and the promotion of the science of malaria risk mapping to guide appropriate selection of interventions, working directly with national governments in the WHO Africa and Eastern Mediterranean regions.
Snow RW. et al, (2017), Nature, 550, 515 - 518
Snow RW. et al, (2010), The Lancet, 376, 1409 - 1416
Snow RW. et al, (2005), Nature, 434, 214 - 217
Snow RW. et al, (1997), The Lancet, 349, 1650 - 1654
Snow RW. et al, (1988), Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82, 838 - 842
Alegana VA. et al, (2021), Malaria Journal, 20
Muriuki JM. et al, (2021), Nat Med
South A. et al, (2021), Wellcome Open Research, 5, 157 - 157
Watson OJ. et al, (2021), Molecular Biology and Evolution, 38, 274 - 289
Kamau A. et al, (2020), BMC Medicine, 18