Mortality Surveillance Methods to Identify and Characterize Deaths in Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance Network Sites.
Salzberg NT., Sivalogan K., Bassat Q., Taylor AW., Adedini S., El Arifeen S., Assefa N., Blau DM., Chawana R., Cain CJ., Cain KP., Caneer JP., Garel M., Gurley ES., Kaiser R., Kotloff KL., Mandomando I., Morris T., Nyamthimba Onyango P., Sazzad HMS., Scott JAG., Seale AC., Sitoe A., Sow SO., Tapia MD., Whitney EA., Worrell MC., Zielinski-Gutierrez E., Madhi SA., Raghunathan PL., Koplan JP., Breiman RF., Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) Methods Consortium None.
Despite reductions over the past 2 decades, childhood mortality remains high in low- and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In these settings, children often die at home, without contact with the health system, and are neither accounted for, nor attributed with a cause of death. In addition, when cause of death determinations occur, they often use nonspecific methods. Consequently, findings from models currently utilized to build national and global estimates of causes of death are associated with substantial uncertainty. Higher-quality data would enable stakeholders to effectively target interventions for the leading causes of childhood mortality, a critical component to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by eliminating preventable perinatal and childhood deaths. The Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) Network tracks the causes of under-5 mortality and stillbirths at sites in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia through comprehensive mortality surveillance, utilizing minimally invasive tissue sampling (MITS), postmortem laboratory and pathology testing, verbal autopsy, and clinical and demographic data. CHAMPS sites have established facility- and community-based mortality notification systems, which aim to report potentially eligible deaths, defined as under-5 deaths and stillbirths within a defined catchment area, within 24-36 hours so that MITS can be conducted quickly after death. Where MITS has been conducted, a final cause of death is determined by an expert review panel. Data on cause of death will be provided to local, national, and global stakeholders to inform strategies to reduce perinatal and childhood mortality in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.