A comparative study of the proximity to nomadic travel routes and environmental factors on the occurrence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, southwestern Iran.
Ghatee MA., Nikaein K., Rajaie O., Taylor WR., Karamian M.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important health challenges in hyperendemic countries like Iran. Geospatial information systems-based studies have shown that factors, including land cover, altitude, slope temperature, rainfall and animal livestock, affect CL distribution in Kohgyloyeh and Boyerahmad province, southwestern Iran. However, the question of the influence of nomadic tribes, who travel with their goats and sheep, on CL is unanswered. We, therefore, investigated their role in CL epidemiology from 2008 to 2017 and compare them with geoclimatic factors. CL patient demographic data and their village/city addresses were retrieved from Provincial Health Center and mapped on the geographic information system (GIS) layer of the province's political divisions. Nomadic travel routes (NTRs) with a 2 km buffer were generated and their effect on CL was investigated together with the interpolated layers of rainfall, temperatures, humidity, slope, elevation, land covers, by binary regression. CL was significantly more common in villages/cities in the 2 km NTR zone (p value